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高中语法专练:i. it作为代词

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2020年08月01日

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i. it作为代词

1. it作为人称代词,代替前文提到事物,也可替代婴幼儿。

Is it a girl or a boy?

他是女孩还是男孩?

Look at my baby. It wears a smile with two teeth in it.

瞧瞧我的小宝宝,他笑中露出两颗牙齿。

Here is a map of France. It's one of the largest countries of Europe.

给你法国地图,这是欧洲最大的国家之一。

All of them are paper tigers; it is a truth.

他们都是纸老虎,这是真的。

2. it可以替代指示代词this, that。

This is my book. It is an English book.

这是我的书本,是一本英语书。

—What's that?

—It's a schoolbag.

——那是什么?

——是一个书包。

3. it作“这,那”解,指心目中或上下文中的人或事。

There's a knock at the door. Who is it? It's the milkman.

有人敲门,是谁呢?是送牛奶的。

It's your Mum on the phone.

你妈妈来电话找你。

4. it作为无人称动词的主语,表示天气、时间、季节、气温、距离、环境等。

It was hot/rainy/foggy.

天气很热/有雨/有雾。

—What time is it?

—It's just seven o'clock.

——现在几点了?

——刚刚七点。

It is about ten kilometers from here to the stadium.

从这里离体育场大约10公里远。

—What's the date today?

—It's the fourth of February.

——今天几月几号?

——是二月四日。

专项练习

1. I was disappointed with the film. I had expected _______ to be much better.

A. that

B. this

C. one

D. it

2. —Who is knocking at the door?

—Perhaps _______ is Jerry.

A. he

B. that

C. it

D. the man

3. Tom's mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but _______ didn't work.

A. he

B. which

C. she

D. it

4. —How _______ going?

—Everything is OK.

A. is it

B. are they

C. is that

D. are these

5. —He was nearly drowned once.

—When was _______?

— _______ was in 1998 when he was in middle school.

A. that; It

B. this; This

C. this; It

D. that; This

答案速查 1-5 DCDAA


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