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LECTURE 181 基本介词 AT 1

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2020年07月31日

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LECTURE 181 基本介词 AT 1

词组讲解

1. at a loss for words / at a loss ** 不知说什么好,难以用言语表达;感到困惑;不知所措

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[失去话语(a loss for words)]的状态

例 I really appreciate this. You guys are wonderful and I wish I could put into words how much I admire you for being so thoughtful and generous, but I'm really at a loss for words. I know everybody says “thank you” a hundred times a day without thinking about it, but when I say “thank you” this time, it comes from the bottom of my heart. Thank you, thank you all!

2. at a premium ** 溢价,在票面价值以上;稀有的

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[溢价(premium)]的状态

例 Due to the cool, rainy summer, the apple harvest is estimated to have been less than half of the usual yearly average. Consumers will find it hard to get good apples and will pay a high price for those they do find. “Apples will be sold at a premium this year,” said Kroger Supermarket's general manager.

3. at ease ** 放松地,自在地;稍息

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[不紧张、轻松(ease)]的状态

例 General Bae entered the office and everyone got to their feet , snapped to a position of attention and rendered a salute. Then, as is customary, he commanded the group, “AT EASE, SOLDIERS,” and they all went back to their work.

4. at large ** 自由的,逍遥法外的;详细地;一般地;整体地;大多数;由全州或全市选出的

解 习语;词义溯源:在[宽敞的(large)]地方;一般用来指逃犯逍遥法处

例 Indian officials have been successful in keeping the disease from spreading beyond these four major cities. No new cases have been reported at large for two weeks.

5. at leisure ** 悠闲地,从容地

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[悠闲(leisure)]的状态

例 It's not good to push an artist. Let him finish the painting at leisure. If you push him, he'll get it done, but it won't contain the same feeling he puts into works. Just let him take his time and he'll give you another masterpiece.

巩固练习

(A) at a loss for words

(B) at a premium

(C) at ease

(D) at large

(E) at leisure

1. A: You seem to think you can do your work as slowly as you want, whenever you want to do it! You'd better get moving or I'll cut your pay! B: I'm working ______ because my doctor told me to avoid stress. If you push me, I might have a heart attack. You don't want that, do you?

2. A: Wow, you guys are great. I never expected you'd give me a birthday party. I, uh..., I want to...uh, uhm...I'm so shocked, so surprised that I can't think of what to say. B: You, Charlie?!You're ______? Charlie Norton finds himself unable to express himself because of his shock?!

3. A: Peace and quiet, without the sounds of traffic, people or machines is very difficult to get in this city of 11 million people, so it is valued very much by those who can get it. B: Privacy is ______ too. It is so hard to get, that it's valued just as much. Everywhere you go, there are people, people, people!I would give my right arm to have one day in which I saw no other human!

4. A: Do you feel comfortable working together on the research with Ms. Li? B: Well, uh..., to tell the truth, I'm never ______ around her. It's the way she dresses. If she would wear more conservative clothing, maybe I would not feel anxious.

5. A: Be careful. That escaped criminal from the prison is still ______. B: He still hasn't been captured? My God!

■ ANSWER:

1. (E)

2. (A)

3. (B)

4. (C)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 真的非常感谢。你们都很出色,我希望我可以用语言表达我有多钦佩你们的周到和慷慨,但是我真的不知道说什么好。我知道,每个人每天想都不想就能说出上百次“谢谢你”,但是当我这次说“谢谢你”时,是真诚地发自内心的。谢谢,谢谢你们!

2. 由于这个夏天凉爽、多雨,据估计苹果的收成将不足往年平均收成的一半。消费者会发现很难买到好苹果,而且就算能买到,价格也是非常高的。“今年的苹果将会非常贵”,克罗格超市的总经理说。

3. 当贝将军走进办公室时,每个人都起立,立正向他敬礼。之后,像平时一样,他发出命令 :“战士们,稍息”,然后所有人都回去工作。

4. 印度官员已成功控制住了疾病,使它没有蔓延到这四个主要城市以外。已经有两周没有大规模新病例的报道了。

5. 催促艺术家并没有什么好处。让他悠闲地完成绘画吧。如果你催他,他会很快完成,但是他不会把完成其他作品时相同的感情融入画中。就让他从容地画吧,他会再给你一幅杰作的。

II. 1. A:你似乎认为可以尽可能慢地、随心所欲地干活!你最好行动起来,否则我就降你的工资! B:我是在从容地工作,因为我的医生告诉我不要有压力。如果你催促我,我的心脏病可能会发作。你不想那样,对吧?

2. A:哇,你们真好。我从来没想过你们会给我筹备生日聚会。我,呃……我想……呃……我非常震惊,非常惊讶,我想不出来该说什么。 B:你,查利?!你不知道说什么好了?查利·诺顿因为吃惊不知道怎么表达自己了?!

3. A:没有车辆、人群和机器噪音的平静与安宁,在这个1100万人口的城市是很难找到的,因此那些可以享受到这种宁静的人对此非常地珍惜。 B:隐私同样也是稀有的。因为很难获得,所以同样很珍贵。无论你走到哪里,周围都是人、人、人! 要是能有一天看不到一个人该有多好!

4. A:你觉得和李女士一起做研究自在吗? B:哦,呃……说实话,我在她旁边从来没有自在过。这是因为她的穿着方式。如果她能穿得保守些,我就不会心神不宁了。

5. A:小心点。越狱的罪犯现在仍然在逃。 B:他还没有被抓住吗?我的天哪!


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