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LECTURE 182 基本介词 AT 2

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2020年08月01日

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LECTURE 182 基本介词 AT 2

词组讲解

1. at odds with sb. or sth. / at odds ** (与…)对立,(与…)发生冲突;(与…)产生纠纷

解 习语;词义溯源:处在与某人[有差别、不和(odds)]的状态

例 “Any manufacturer who continues to use the river for dumping pollutants will find themselves at odds with the local chapter of Greenpeace.” warned Mr. Wu, standing on the banks of the Xiangjiang River at yesterday's rally.

2. at one's wits' end ** 绞尽脑汁,束手无策

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[才智的尽头(wits' end)]

例 The senior officer in charge of the police in this rural province was at his wits' end trying to come up with an explanation for how the burglars were able to enter the police headquarters' weapons room and make away with an armful of rifles without one of the twelve officers on duty that night seeing them.

3. at random ** 随意地,随机地

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[随机(random)]的状态

例 One of the rifles stolen that night showed up in the hands of a mentally ill office worker who, only ten days later, purchased it in an illegal market, and went on a rampage in downtown, shooting passersby at random. Three innocent people died that day.

4. at stake 〔risk〕 ** 有风险;在危险中

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[打赌(stake)或危险、风险(risk)]中

例 I hope you realize we're putting our reputation on the line . If Thompson is found guilty of bribery charges, the public will find us guilty as well for standing by him. With so much at risk, I sure hope he has a good lawyer.

5. at the latest ** 最迟,最晚

解 习语;词义溯源:在[最晚的(the latest)]时候

例 Notice: All expense reports must be turned in to Mrs. Smith in the accounting department by close-of-business Friday at the latest if you want to be paid for them on the next payday.

巩固练习

(A) at odds with

(B) at your wits' ends

(C) at random

(D) at risk

(E) at the latest

1. A: The two different parties always disagree over what environmental protection policies the government should adopt. B: You're probably right. Unfortunately, as long as they're ______ each other, no environmental legislation is going to pass. While they're quarreling, the nation's plant and animal life is dying.

2. A: I had no definite plan or purpose when I chose the colors I used to paint my rooms. I just went to the paint store and picked them ______. B: You didn't have to tell me there was no pattern or method to your choice. I can see that already! Pink bedroom and yellow living room?!

3. A: Do your best—and don't forget that our $200,000 contract with his company is ______. Do whatever you have to do to calm him down. B: Why is it that every time a contract is in danger of being lost, I have to go out and fix the situation? Okay—I'll do what I can. But next time...

4. A: The money must be deposited at or before midnight on July, 24th. After that it is too late. Understand? B: No later than that? A: Midnight on July, 24th—______. Sooner is okay, but later is not.

5. A: I've tried everything to make him happy: I've given him a home, a car, membership in the club and a good job at a prestigious investment firm. Still he complains. I don't know what to do next. I'm thoroughly perplexed. B: Why don't you tell him exactly what you just told me—that you're ______? Maybe your idea of happiness is different from his.

■ ANSWER:

1. (A)

2. (C)

3. (D)

4. (E)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 昨天在湘江河岸举行的集会上,吴先生警告大家说:“任何继续向河里倾倒污染物的厂商将会发现他们与‘绿色和平组织’的本地章程相悖。”

2. 负责这个农业大省警察事务的高层官员目前束手无策。他想不出如何解释为何盗贼能够进入警察局总部的武器室,偷走大批步枪,而当晚值班的12名警察中无一人发现他们。

3. 在那晚失窃的步枪中,有一把出现在一位患精神病的工作人员手中。他是步枪失窃仅10天后在非法市场上买到的,之后他在市中心横冲直撞,肆意向行人开枪。当天有3名无辜的市民丧生。

4. 我希望你能了解,我们在拿我们的信誉冒险。如果汤普森被发现犯受贿罪,而我们又支持他,公众就会发现我们也有罪。有这么多风险,我当然希望他有一名好律师。

5. 通知:如果希望能在下个发薪日收到报销款,所有报销单最晚于周五下班前交给会计部的史密斯女士。

II. 1. A:这两个政党对政府应该采取的环境保护政策总是意见不一。 B:或许你说得对。不幸的是,只要他们相互对立,任何环境保护法律都不能通过。他们在争论的同时,我们国家的动植物正在死亡。

2. A:对于选哪种颜色来粉刷房间,我毫无计划或目标。我只是去了颜料商店,随意地挑选了几种。 B:你不用告诉我你的选择没有方案或方法。我已经看出来了!你居然用粉色刷卧室,用黄色刷客厅?!

3. A:要尽力去做——不要忘了我们与他的公司那20万美元的合同危在旦夕。尽你所能让他平静下来。 B:为什么每次面临失去合同的风险时,我就得出来挽救局面呢?好吧——我会尽力。但是下次……

4. A:资金必须在7月24日零点或零点前存入。之后就太晚了。知道吗? B:不能晚于7月24日? A:7月24日零点——最晚的时间。早些可以,但是晚了不行。

5. A:我已经尽力让他幸福了:我已经给他提供了住房、一辆车、俱乐部的会员身份、著名投资公司的工作。但是他仍然抱怨。我不知道下一步该做什么。我彻底困惑了。 B:你为什么不把你刚才和我说的话——你束手无策了,原原本本地告诉他?也许你的幸福观和他的不同。


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