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考拉将在30年内在澳大利亚地区灭绝

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2020年07月02日

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Koalas will be extinct in areas of Australia within 30 years

考拉将在30年内在澳大利亚地区灭绝

Koalas will be extinct in areas of Australia within 30 years, an inquiry has found.

一项调查发现,考拉将在30年内在澳大利亚地区灭绝。

Habitat loss is seen as the biggest threat to the survival of the adorable furry creatures, with a shocking 81% of the land they inhabit in New South Wales ravaged by bushfires and deforestation.

栖息地的丧失被认为是这种可爱的毛茸茸生物生存的最大威胁,在新南威尔士州,它们居住的土地有令人震惊的81%遭到了森林大火和森林砍伐的破坏。

According to the findings of a year-long inquiry presented to the Australian parliament today, the koala will become completely extinct in New South Wales before 2050.

根据今天提交给澳大利亚议会的长达一年的调查结果,考拉将在2050年前在新南威尔士州完全灭绝。

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Committee Chairwoman Cate Faehrmann said that 5,000 koalas had died in the horrific bushfires that scorched over a million hectares of the state in the past year.

委员会主席凯特·法尔曼(Cate Faehrmann)表示,去年,该州100多万公顷的森林大火导致5000只考拉死亡。

This destroyed 24% of koala habitat on public land, rising to 81% in badly affected areas.

这破坏了公共土地上24%的考拉栖息地,在受严重影响的地区,这一数字上升到了81%。

The report also suggested that climate change will make the situation worse for the marsupial, by increasing the frequency of bushfires and reducing the quality of the eucalyptus leaf, the animal’s diet.

报告还指出,气候变化将使这种有袋类动物的处境更糟,因为森林火灾的发生频率增加,桉树叶的质量也会降低,而桉树叶是这种动物的主要食物。

In response, the committee suggested 42 policies aimed at saving the koala, including the creation of protected forest corridors, increased funding for conservation charities and giving incentives for farmers to protect land rather than clear it.

作为回应,委员会提出了42项旨在拯救考拉的政策,包括建立受保护的森林走廊,增加对保护慈善机构的资助,以及鼓励农民保护土地而不是清理土地。

New South Wales’ environment minister Matt Kean said: “The NSW Government has committed to our $44million koala strategy, the largest financial commitment to protecting koalas in the state’s history.”

新南威尔士州环境部长马特·基恩(Matt Kean)说:“新南威尔士州政府已承诺实施我们4.4亿美元的考拉战略,这是该州历史上最大的一笔保护考拉的财政承诺。”

Koalas in other regions of Australia also face a significant threat – with some 25,000 killed by bushfires in the state of South Australia in January.

澳大利亚其他地区的卡拉也面临着严重的威胁——今年1月,南澳大利亚州的森林大火导致约2.5万只考拉死亡。


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