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双语全文 ● 鲁迅 阿Q正传——第七章 革命







The Revolution

On the fourteenth day of the ninth moon of the third year in the reign of Emperor Xuan Tong—the day on which Ah Q sold his purse to Zhao Baiyan—at midnight, after the fourth stroke of the third watch, a large boat with a big black awning arrived at the Zhao family’s landing-place. This boat floated up in the darkness while the villagers were sound asleep, so that they knew nothing about it; but it left again about dawn, when quite a number of people saw it. Investigation revealed that this boat actually be­longed to the successful provincial candidate!

This incident caused great uneasiness in Weizhuang, and before mid­day the hearts of all the villagers were beating faster. The Zhao family kept very quiet about the errand of the boat, but according to gossip in the tea­house and tavern, the revolutionaries were going to enter the town and the successful provincial candidate had come to the country to take refuge. Mrs. Zou alone thought otherwise, maintaining that the successful candidate merely wanted to deposit a few battered cases in Weizhuang, but that Mrs. Zhao had sent them back. Actually the successful provincial candidate and the successful county candidate in the Zhao family were not on good terms,to that it was scarcely logical to expect them to prove friends in adversity;moreover, since Mrs. Zou was a neighbour of the Zhao family and had a bet­ter idea of what was going on, she ought to have known.

Then a rumour spread to the effect that although the scholar had not come in person, he had sent a long letter tracing some distant relationship with the Zhao family; and since Mr. Zhao after thinking it over had decided it could after all do him no harm to keep the cases, they were now stowed under his wife’s bed. As for the revolutionaries, some people said they had entered the town that night in white helmets and white armour—in mourn­ing for Emperor Chong Zhen.

第七章 革命




Ah Q had long since known of revolutionaries and this year with his own eyes had seen revolutionaries decapitated. But since it had occurred to him that the revolutionaries were rebels and that a rebellion would make things difficult for him, he had always detested and kept away from them. Who could have guessed that they could strike such fear into a successful provincial candidate renowned for a hundred li around? In consequence, Ah Q could not help feeling rather fascinated, the terror of all the villagers only adding to his delight.

“Revolution is not a bad thing,” thought Ah Q. “Finish off the whole lot of them ... curse them!... I’d like to go over to the revolutionaries myself. ”

Ah Q had been hard up recently, which no doubt made him rather dissatisfied; moreover he had drunk two bowls of wine at noon on an empty stomach. Consequently he became drunk very quickly; and as he walked along thinking to himself, he seemed again to be treading on air. Suddenly,in some curious way, he felt as if he were a revolutionary and all the people in Weizhuang were his captives. Unable to contain himself for joy, he shouted at the top of his voice:

“Rebellion! Rebellion!”

All the villagers stared at him in consternation. Ah Q had never seen such pitiful looks before; they refreshed him as much as a drink of iced wa­ter in summer. So he walked on even more happily, shouting:

“Fine! ... I shall take what I want! I shall like whom I please!

“Tra la tra la! Alas, in my cups I have slain my sworn brother Zheng.

Alas, ya-ya-ya...

“Tra la, tra la, tum ti tum tum!

Steel mace in hand I shall trounce you. ”

Mr. Zhao and his son were standing at their gate with two relatives dis­cussing the revolution. Ah Q did not see them as he passed with his head thrown back, singing, “Tra la la, tum ti tum!”

“Q, old fellow!” called Mr. Zhao timidly in a low voice.















“Tra la,” sang Ah Q, unable to imagine that his name could be linked with those words “old fellow.” Sure that he had heard wrongly and was in no way concerned, he simply went on singing, “Tra la la, tum ti turn?”

“Q, old fellow!”

“Alas, in my cups ...”

“Ah, Q!” The successful candidate had no choice but to name him out­right.

Only then did Ah Q come to a stop. “Well?” he asked with his head on one side.

“Q, old fellow ... now ...” But Mr. Zhao was at a loss for words again.“Are you well off now?”

“Ah Q, old man, poor friends of yours like us are of no consequence ...”faltered Zhao Baiyan, as if sounding out the revolutionaries’ attitude.

“Poor friends? you’re richer anyway than I am.” With this Ah Q walked away.

This left them in speechless dismay. Back home that evening Mr. Zhao and his son discussed the question until it was time to light the lamps. And Zhao Baiyan once home took the purse from his waist and gave it to his wife to hide for him at the bottom of a chest.

For a while Ah Q walked up on air, but by the time he reached the Tute­lary God’s Temple he had come down to earth again. That evening the old man in charge of the temple was also unexpectedly friendly and offered him tea. Then Ah Q asked him for two flat cakes, and after eating these damanded a four-ounce candle that had been lighted once and a candlestick. He lit the candle and lay down alone in his little room feeling inexpressibly refreshed and happy, while the candlelight leaped and flickered as if this were the Lantern Festival and his imagination soared with it.

“Revolt? It would be fun.... A troop of revolutionaries would come, all in white helmets and white armour, with swords, steel maces, bombs, for­eign guns, sharp-pointed double-edged knives, and spears with hooks. When they passed this temple they would call out, ‘ Ah Q! Come along with us!’And then I would go with them....













“Then the fun would start. All the villagers, the whole lousy lot, would kneel down and plead, ‘ Ah Q! Spare us!’But who would listen to them! The first to die would be Young D and Mr. Zhao, then the successful county can­didate and the Bogus Foreign Devil.... But perhaps I would spare a few. I would once have spared Whiskers Wang, but now I don’t even want him....

“Things ... I would go straight in and open the cases: silver ingots, for­eign coins, foreign calico jackets.... First I would move the Ningbo bed of the successful county candidate’s wife to the temple, as well as the Qian family tables and chairs—or else just use the Zhao family’s. I wouldn’t lift a finger myself, but order Young D to move the things for me, and to look smart about it if he didn’t want his face slapped ...

“Zhao Sichen’s younger sister is very ugly. In a few years Mrs. Zou’s daughter might be worth considering. The Bogus Foreign Devil’s wife is willing to sleep with a man without a queue, hah! She can’t be a good wom­an! The successful county candidate’s wife has scars on her eyelids.... I haven’t seen Amah Wu for a long time and don’t know where she is—what a pity her feet are so big.”

Before Ah Q had reached a satisfactory conclusion, there was a sound of snoring. The four-ounce candle had burned down only half an inch, and its flickering red light lit up his open mouth.

“Ho, ho!” Shouted Ah Q suddenly, raising his head and looking wildly around. But at sight of the four-ounce candle, he lay back and fell asleep again.

The next morning he got up very late, and when he went out into the street everything was the same as usual. He was still hungry, but though he racked his brains he did not seem able to think of anything. All of a sudden,however, an idea struck him and he walked slowly off until, either by design or accident, he reached the Convent of Quiet Self-improvement.

The convent was as peaceful as it had been that spring, with its white wall and shining black gate. Afte a moment’s reflection he knocked at the gate, whereupon a dog on the other side started barking. He hastily picked up some broken bricks, then went back again to knock more heavily,knocking until the black gate was pitted with pock-marks. At last he heard someone coming to open up.








Clutching a brick, Ah Q straddled there prepared to do battle with the black dog. The convent gate opened a crack, but no black dog rushed out. When he looked in all he could see was the old nun.

“What are you here for again?” she asked with a start.

“There’s a revolution ... didn’t you know?” said Ah Q vaguely.

“Revolution, revolution ... we’ve already had one.” The old nun’s eyes were red. “What more do you want to do to us?”

“What?”demanded Ah Q dumbfounded.

“Didn’t you know? The revolutionaries have already been here!”

“Who?” demanded Ah Q, still more dumbfounded.

“The successful county candidate and the Foreign Devil.”

This completely took the wind out of Ah Q’s sails. When the old nun saw there was no fight left in him she promptly shut the gate, so that when Ah Q pushed it again he could not budge it, and when he knocked again there was no answer.

It had happened that morning. The successful county candidate in the Zhao family was quick to learn the news. As soon as he heard that the revo­lutionaries had entered the town that night, he wound his queue up on his head and went out first thing to call on the Bogus Foreign Devil in the Qian family, with whom he had never been on very good terms. Because this was a time for all to work for reforms, they had a most satisfactory talk and on the spot became comrades who saw eye to eye and pledged themselves to make revolution.

After racking their brains for some time, they remembered that in the Convent of Quiet Self-improvement there was an imperial tablet inscribed“Long Live the Emperor” which ought to be done away with immediately. Thereupon they lost no time in going to the convent to carry out their revo­lutionary activities. Because the old nun tried to stop them and passed a few remarks, they considered her as the Qing government and gave her quite a few knocks on the head with a stick and with their knuckles. The nun,pulling herself together after they had been smashed into fragments on the ground and the valuable Xuan De censer before the shrine of Guanyin, the goddess of mercy, had also disappeared.











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