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雅思写作议论文审题技巧

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2020年07月04日

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  雅思分学术类(Academic)和普通类(General Training)两种题型,学术类主要适合留学生或访问学者,普通类主要适合移民申请人和某些非留学类别(例如工作签证)的申请人。雅思考试产生听说读写四个单项分数,单项的满分是9分(精通英语),其次是8分(优秀英语),7分(良好英语),6分(掌握英语),5分(勉强掌握),4分(有限英语),3分(少量英语),2分(少量单词),1分(不懂英语),0分(没有考试)。

  雅思议论文的关键在于审题,审题不清就会导致全文出现偏差,结果也就不言而喻了。

  雅思议论文的审题包含以下的两个步骤:

  一、对于题目中的关键词或词组,用下划线标出。

  二、试着用自己的语言重写题目中的信息内容。

  这两个步骤有以下两大好处:

  使我们对题目有一个更为清晰的认识并把题目中的信息加以提炼。

  使我们把原本复杂的内容变得简单明了,并为以后引言段中的重诉作好准备。

  让我们来看下面的题目:

  In some countries the average workers is obliged to retire at the age of 50, while in others people can work until they are 65 or 70. Meanwhile, we see some politicians enjoying power well into their eighties. Clearly, there is little agreement on an appropriate retirement age.

  Until what age do you think people should be encouraged to remain in paid employment­ Give reasons for your answer.

  我们先来进行第一个步骤-------划出关键的词或词组

  In some countries the average workers is obliged to retire at the age of 50, while in others people can work until they are 65 or 70. Meanwhile, we see some politicians enjoying power well into their eighties. Clearly, there is little agreement on an appropriate retirement age.

  Until what age do you think people should be encouraged to remain in paid employment­ Give reasons for your answer.

  第二个步骤是用自己的话进行信息重组,我们可以把题目简化如下:

  Different countries and people have different retirement ages and there is no universal standard about this issue.

  我们再来看一个例子:

  The idea of going overseas for university study is an exciting prospect for many people. But while it may offer some advantages, it is probably better to stay home because of the difficulties a student inevitably encounters living and studying in a different culture.

  To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement­

  Give reasons for your answer.

  第一步骤:

  The idea of going overseas for university study is an exciting prospect for many people. But while it may offer some advantages, it is probably better to stay home because of the difficulties a student inevitably encounters living and studying in a different culture.

  To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement­

  Give reasons for your answer.

  第二步骤:

  While going abroad for further study has many advantages, there are also some unavoidable problems that the students must face.

  通过这样的两个步骤的审题过程,我们对题目就有了一个清楚的认识,并且把相对复杂的题目简化为自己的语言,这样就为下面的构思和引言段的下作打好了基础。


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