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CNN News:美国大部分地区受“大湖效应”影响降大雪 参议院未通过Keystone XL管道提议

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I`m Carl Azuz. And welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. First up this Thursday, November 20th.

我是Carl Azuz,欢迎收看今天的CNN学生新闻,下面来开始11月20号周四的新闻。

GOV. ANDREW CUOMO: This is an historic event, I believe when all is set and done, this snowfall may break also - it`s a record, and that`s saying something in western New York and in Buffalo.

这是一次历史性事件,当这场雪下完之后降雪量将可能打破纽约布法罗以往降雪量最高纪录。

AZUZ: That`s because average snowfall in Buffalo, New York is about 94 inches per year. The city`s gotten 72 inches since Tuesday, and has caused emergencies. At least six deaths in region have been blamed on this winter storm. It`s monstrous. People were trapped in cars, firehouses were turned into shelters. Residents aren`t even allowed to drive in south Buffalo where rescuers are using 18 snowmobiles to answer emergency calls.

那是因为每年纽约布法罗平均降雪量约为94英寸,而自周二以来的大学降雪量已经达到72英寸,并且引发了很多紧急紧急事件。此次冬季暴风雪中已经造成至少6人死亡。这场暴风雪就像是一个魔兽一样威猛。当地市民有的被困在车里,消防站也成为了人们的避难场所。布法罗南部当地居民甚至不能开车上街,当地已经出动18辆雪地机动车应对紧急呼叫电话。

Buffalo is located on Lake Erie. It often sees lake effect snow when cold air passes over warmer water, picks up moisture from the lake and dumps snow on Erie`s east or south of the lake.

布法罗位于伊利湖旁边。当冷空气通过温暖的湖水上空的时候会产生大湖效应,吸收湖面水分之后在伊利湖东部或者南部带来降雪。

Buffalo is not the only shivering city. Every U.S. state saw freezing temperatures this week and arctic air brought snow to half of them.

布法罗不是唯一一个下大雪的城市。美国每个州本周都受到了极寒天气的影响,北极的冷空气给半个美国都带来了降雪。

There`s a pipeline network that moves tons of crude oil from Canada to the U.S.

从加拿大到美国有一条石油运输管道。

It`s called the Keystone pipeline system. It stretches about 3800 miles in all, and there`s one piece of the project that hasn`t been completed. It`s called the Keystone XL pipeline, and a company named TransCanada needs U.S. approval to finish it.

这个管道称为Keystone管道运输系统。大约有3800英里长,而且还有一个项目没有完成,这个项目称为Keystone XL管道。名为TransCanada的公司需要美国方面的批准才能完成这一工程。

That approval has been stalled in the U.S. government. It passed last week in the Republican controlled House of Representatives, but it failed this week by one vote in the Democratic-controlled Senate. It`s likely to come up again next year when the new Congress starts.

批准授权过程受到了美国方面的暂停,在上一周共和党控制的美国众议院通过了此批准请求,但是在本周受民主党控制的参议院投票中失败了。授权工作可能会在下一年新国会开始工作时再重新商议。

I`m Carl Azuz. And welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. First up this Thursday, November 20th.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GOV. ANDREW CUOMO: This is an historic event, I believe when all is set and done, this snowfall may break also - it`s a record, and that`s saying something in western New York and in Buffalo.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: That`s because average snowfall in Buffalo, New York is about 94 inches per year. The city`s gotten 72 inches since Tuesday, and has caused emergencies. At least six deaths in region have been blamed on this winter storm. It`s monstrous. People were trapped in cars, firehouses were turned into shelters. Residents aren`t even allowed to drive in south Buffalo where rescuers are using 18 snowmobiles to answer emergency calls.

Buffalo is located on Lake Erie. It often sees lake effect snow when cold air passes over warmer water, picks up moisture from the lake and dumps snow on Erie`s east or south of the lake.

Buffalo is not the only shivering city. Every U.S. state saw freezing temperatures this week and arctic air brought snow to half of them.

There`s a pipeline network that moves tons of crude oil from Canada to the U.S.

It`s called the Keystone pipeline system. It stretches about 3800 miles in all, and there`s one piece of the project that hasn`t been completed. It`s called the Keystone XL pipeline, and a company named TransCanada needs U.S. approval to finish it.

That approval has been stalled in the U.S. government. It passed last week in the Republican controlled House of Representatives, but it failed this week by one vote in the Democratic-controlled Senate. It`s likely to come up again next year when the new Congress starts.

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