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CNN News:美国西半球事务助理国务卿前往古巴 拟重建美国驻古巴大使馆

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2015年01月23日

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CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Name: Carl Azuz. Date, January 22, Assignment, to bring current events to your class. We are glad you are watching. You probably haven`t heard of Roberta Jacobson. She`s the U.S. assistant secretary of state for Western affairs. And what she did yesterday was significant. She arrived in Havana, the capital of Cuba. She`s there to move forward on President Obama`s plan to reestablish an American embassy there.

今天是1月22号,我是Carl Azuz,这里是不含商业广告的CNN学生新闻,欢迎大家收看。你可能没听说过罗伯塔雅各布森,她是负责美国西半球事务的助理国务卿。昨天她所做的事情有着非常重大的意义,昨天她抵达了古巴首都哈瓦那。为了执行奥巴马总统的外交政策前往该地,拟重新建立美国驻古巴大使馆。

His decision to improve relations between the U.S. and Cuba is a controversial one. The president says the last 50 years of isolating the Caribbean nation haven`t worked, that the U.S. can be more influential over Cuba`s communist government by normalizing relations with it.

奥巴马总统关于改善美国与古巴之间的外交关系之举是备受争议的。总统称过去50年对加勒比海沿岸国家的隔离政策并没有多大效果,美国可以通过关系正常化来对古巴共产党政府展开进一步影响。

But shortly after that announcement Cuban President Raul Castro said the U.S. needed to respect Cuba`s communist rule. The rift between the two countries goes back to the Cold War.

但是声明发布后不久古巴总统劳尔卡斯特罗称美国需要尊重古巴的共产主义秩序。两国之间的分歧冲突可以追溯到冷战时期。

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

KARL PENHAUL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Why did U.S.- Cuba relations get so bad in the first place, highly controversial?

美国和古巴之间的关系一开始怎么就变成这样了呢?

In the 1950s, Cuba was run by a dictator, and he wasn`t only backed by the United States, but he was also backed by the U.S. mafia. On the back of that then in 1959 we have a bunch of rebel fighters led by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara sweeping to power. And they over time moved well out of the orbit of U.S. influence and into the orbit of the Soviet Union. So, the fight between the U.S. and Cuba is really based against the backdrop of the Cold War between the world`s two superpowers: The United States and the Soviet Union. Now, in 1961, President Dwight Eisenhower, he decided enough is enough. We are going to break off diplomatic relations with Cuba. And that is what happened. Then later in 1961, I bet you`ve all heard of the Bay of Pigs, that is when the U.S. with a group of trained mercenaries by the CIA tried to invade Cuba. That failed. That was seen as a victory for the Cuba`s. Then pushed forward to 1962, the Cuba missile crisis, that`s when the Soviet Union started to put nukes on the island here pointing at the United States, and relations got so bad between the United States and Cuba it ran to push the whole world towards the brink of nuclear war.

早在1950年代,古巴被一个独裁者统治着,而他不仅仅受到美国方面的支持,还受到美国黑手党的支持。受背后力量的支持,在1959年被叛军菲德尔卡斯特罗和切格瓦拉掌权。随后他们从美国力量转向苏联,所以说美国和古巴之间的对立关系实则是美国与苏联之间的对抗。在1961年艾森豪威尔德怀特总统决定与古巴断绝外交关系。我猜大家都应该听说过1961年之后的猪湾事件,那是美国一支由CIA组织训练的雇佣军队试图入侵古巴。行动最终失败。这对于古巴来说是一次胜利,推动了1962年的古巴导弹危机。苏联方面想要在古巴沿岸岛屿上部署导弹,而目标直指美国,这一举动致使双方关系彻底崩溃,推动了整个世界走向核战争的边缘。

JOHN F.KENNEDY: It shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the Western hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States.

这就是我们国家的政策,无论苏联指向西半球的任何一个国家都将被视为对美国的攻击。

PENHAUL: That is just some examples about how things have gone so bad between the United States and Cuba over the years.

这仅仅是对于美国与古巴这么多年来关系僵局原因的一些说法。

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Name: Carl Azuz. Date, January 22, Assignment, to bring current events to your class. We are glad you are watching. You probably haven`t heard of Roberta Jacobson. She`s the U.S. assistant secretary of state for Western affairs. And what she did yesterday was significant. She arrived in Havana, the capital of Cuba. She`s there to move forward on President Obama`s plan to reestablish an American embassy there.

His decision to improve relations between the U.S. and Cuba is a controversial one. The president says the last 50 years of isolating the Caribbean nation haven`t worked, that the U.S. can be more influential over Cuba`s communist government by normalizing relations with it.

But shortly after that announcement Cuban President Raul Castro said the U.S. needed to respect Cuba`s communist rule. The rift between the two countries goes back to the Cold War.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

KARL PENHAUL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Why did U.S.- Cuba relations get so bad in the first place, highly controversial?

In the 1950s, Cuba was run by a dictator, and he wasn`t only backed by the United States, but he was also backed by the U.S. mafia. On the back of that then in 1959 we have a bunch of rebel fighters led by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara sweeping to power. And they over time moved well out of the orbit of U.S. influence and into the orbit of the Soviet Union. So, the fight between the U.S. and Cuba is really based against the backdrop of the Cold War between the world`s two superpowers: The United States and the Soviet Union. Now, in 1961, President Dwight Eisenhower, he decided enough is enough. We are going to break off diplomatic relations with Cuba. And that is what happened. Then later in 1961, I bet you`ve all heard of the Bay of Pigs, that is when the U.S. with a group of trained mercenaries by the CIA tried to invade Cuba. That failed. That was seen as a victory for the Cuba`s. Then pushed forward to 1962, the Cuba missile crisis, that`s when the Soviet Union started to put nukes on the island here pointing at the United States, and relations got so bad between the United States and Cuba it ran to push the whole world towards the brink of nuclear war.

JOHN F.KENNEDY: It shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the Western hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States.

PENHAUL: That is just some examples about how things have gone so bad between the United States and Cuba over the years.

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