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CNN News:美国麻疹死灰复燃 全国就接种疫苗展开激烈争论

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2015年02月05日

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CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: First up this Wednesday, on CNN STUDENT NEWS, debate is raging in the U.S. And now on Capitol Hill about vaccines. Specifically, the measles, moms and rubella vaccine, or MMR.

这里是周四CNN学生新闻,美国上下都在就是否接受疫苗展开激烈争论。尤其是麻疹,风疹疫苗,麻腮风三联疫苗与妈妈们之间的争论特别激烈。

There`s no federal law that requires parents to have their children vaccinated, and some refuse to do it.

现在没有明确的联邦法律要求父母必须给孩子接种疫苗,还有一些家长拒绝这样做。

But after a measles outbreak in California, the disease has now spread to 102 people in 14 states. Politicians are joining the heated conversation about vaccines.

但是在加利福尼亚爆发麻疹疫情之后现在病毒已经感染了14个州的102人。政客们也纷纷加入到了关于接种疫苗的激烈争论。

Most people who caught the measles in the recent outbreak hadn`t been vaccinated against it. Though a handful had. There`ve been no deaths, the last measles death in the U.S. was in 2003. Most people who get measles recover in a few weeks, but it`s incredibly contagious, and the Centers for Disease Control says the best way to prevent its spread is by having children vaccinated.

一些人因为没有接种疫苗而感染病毒。也只是一小部分人。目前没有发现死亡病例,最近的一次麻疹死亡病例还是发生在2003年。感染麻疹的患者在几周之内可以完全恢复健康,但是这种病毒的感染性是非常顽强的,疾病控制中心表示防止病毒蔓延最好的方法就是给儿童接种疫苗。

Some schools won`t allow children who haven`t been vaccinated. Some doctors won`t treat children who haven`t been vaccinated. But though scientists say the MMR vaccine is safe, that there is no known link between the vaccine and developmental disorders including autism, that fear keeps some parents from having their children vaccinated.

一些学校不允许没有接种过疫苗的儿童上学,一些医生决绝给没有接受疫苗的孩子治病。尽管科学家们表示MMR疫苗是安全的,但是接种疫苗与发育障碍包括自闭症等疾病之间仍不清楚的关联还是让很多家长害怕给孩子接种疫苗。

Senator Rand Paul, who is also an eye doctor, said he`d heard of many tragic cases of normal children who developed severe mental disorders after vaccines.

Rand Paul议员是一位眼科医生,他说他听说了太多儿童在接种疫苗之后出现严重的精神疾病的悲惨事故。

House Speaker John Boehner said he believes all children should be vaccinated, but he`s not sure there should be a federal law.

众议院发言人约翰博纳称他认为所有儿童都应该接种疫苗,但是他不确定是否还为此制定一项联邦法律作为硬性要求。

And President Obama says parents should vaccinate their children, but then it shouldn`t take a law to get them to do it.

奥巴马总统也表示家长应该给孩子接种疫苗,但是不应该以法律强制性形式去做。

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: First up this Wednesday, on CNN STUDENT NEWS, debate is raging in the U.S. And now on Capitol Hill about vaccines. Specifically, the measles, moms and rubella vaccine, or MMR.

There`s no federal law that requires parents to have their children vaccinated, and some refuse to do it.

But after a measles outbreak in California, the disease has now spread to 102 people in 14 states. Politicians are joining the heated conversation about vaccines.

Most people who caught the measles in the recent outbreak hadn`t been vaccinated against it. Though a handful had. There`ve been no deaths, the last measles death in the U.S. was in 2003. Most people who get measles recover in a few weeks, but it`s incredibly contagious, and the Centers for Disease Control says the best way to prevent its spread is by having children vaccinated.

Some schools won`t allow children who haven`t been vaccinated. Some doctors won`t treat children who haven`t been vaccinated. But though scientists say the MMR vaccine is safe, that there is no known link between the vaccine and developmental disorders including autism, that fear keeps some parents from having their children vaccinated.

Senator Rand Paul, who is also an eye doctor, said he`d heard of many tragic cases of normal children who developed severe mental disorders after vaccines.

House Speaker John Boehner said he believes all children should be vaccinated, but he`s not sure there should be a federal law.

And President Obama says parents should vaccinate their children, but then it shouldn`t take a law to get them to do it.

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