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CNN News:NASA庆祝首次太空行走50周年

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2015年07月30日

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Speaking of satellites, NASA is celebrating an anniversary this week. It`s been 50 years since the first U.S. spacewalk was made.

说起人造卫星,美国宇航局本周正在庆祝纪念日。自美国首次太空行走至今已经有50年了。

Since then, there had been more than 260 strolls into space. Most of them had been done to work on the International Space Station, part of its estimated $75 billion to the U.S. But many of the astronauts who`ve taken a spacewalk would call it priceless.

直至现在,太空行走已达260多次。大多数发生在国际空间站上,其中一些对美国的的价值估计达750亿美元。但是许多在太空行走的宇航员认为,太空行走是无价的。

ED WHITE, NASA ASTRONAUT: OK, I`m out.

埃迪·怀特,美国宇航局宇航员:我出舱了。

CONTROL: OK, now

控制室:好,现在......

REPORTER: They were the first American boots to step into space. NASA astronaut Ed White left the hatch of Gemini IV 50 years ago this week, strapped to a tether 250 miles high above the Earth. Twenty-three minutes later, White returned to the spacecraft which he would later described as one of the saddest moments of his life.

记者:他们是首次踏入太空的美国靴子。美国宇航局航天员埃迪·怀特于50年前的今天离开了双子座4号太空载人舱(GEMINI IV)的舱口,系着绳子进入了离地球250英里的高空范围内。23分钟后,怀特返回了太空舱。之后,他描述到返回太空舱是自己生命中最悲伤的时刻之一。

MICHAEL FOREMAN, NASA ASTRONAUT: Going outside, when you have that full panoramic view through your helmet, is just amazing.

迈克尔·福尔曼,美国宇航局宇航员:进入太空,透过头盔,可以看到看景,那种感觉很神奇。

REPORTER: Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov did it first. American Ed White`s mission came three months later. But it was White who proved that productive work could be done outside a spacecraft.

记者:前苏联宇航员阿列克谢·列昂诺夫首次完成太空行走。三个月后,美国宇航员埃迪·怀特也获得了同样的任务。但是,是怀特证明了宇宙飞船外能进行生产性工作。

That paved the way to this.

那是太空行走为这项工作打下了基础。

NEIL ARMSTRONG, NASA ASTRONAUT: It`s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.

尼尔·阿姆斯特朗:这是我个人的一小步,但却是人类的一大步。

REPORTER: NASA astronauts had performed hundreds of spacewalks since Neil Armstrong`s famous moon landing.

记者:自从尼尔·阿姆斯特朗著名的登月后,美国宇航员又完成了数百次太空行走。

ASTRONAUT: Once we get that mike, we`re going to go ahead and verify our

宇航员:一旦我们拿到麦克风,我们将会向前去核实......

REPORTER: Michael Foreman has done five of them, spending more than 32 hours in zero gravity.

记者:迈克尔·福尔曼完成了5次,在失重的情况下呆了32小时。

FOREMAN: You`re not 100 percent how you`re going to feel until you experience that for the very first time.

福尔曼:只有第一次经历过那种感觉,你才会完整。

Fortunately for me, I felt very comfortable out there and it was just like muscle memory took over when I went out that hatch the very first time because I was just so used to doing the same thing here in the training that we had in the pool.

幸运的是,我出舱后,没有不适感。我第一次出舱后,就像肌肉记忆起作用。因为在我只是在做我们平时在泳池训练时一样的事情。

ANNOUNCER: Now, one hour and three minutes into today`s spacewalk.

今天太空行走时间增加了63分钟。

REPORTER: In 1973, when Skylab was damaged, repairs were made to the solar panels in space to keep it in orbit.

记者:1973年,当太空实验室Skylab受损时,太阳能板得到修复以保持实验室在轨道上正常运行。

During 1980s, astronauts began using jet packs to fix satellites and carry out repairs.

在20世纪80年代,宇航员开始采用太空喷气背包修复卫星并进行其他维修。

ASTRONAUT: Sounds great, Dan. A great effort all around.

宇航员:不错,Dan,付出了很大的努力。

REPORTER: It took five back to back spacewalks to repair and upgrade the Hubble telescope.

记者:连续进行了5次太空行走来修理和升级哈勃望远镜。

ASTRONAUT: All right. (INAUDIBLE) adjustable rather goes down.

宇航员:好的,……是可调节的但不要降低。

REPORTER: Space walks are almost routine, part of the building and maintenance of the International Space Station, which orbits the Earth at more than 17,000 miles an hour.

记者:太空漫步几乎都是常规工作,部分工作是建设和维护国际空间站。国际空间站以每小时1.7万英里(约合27350公里)的速度绕地球轨道飞行。

Speaking of satellites, NASA is celebrating an anniversary this week. It`s been 50 years since the first U.S. spacewalk was made.

Since then, there had been more than 260 strolls into space. Most of them had been done to work on the International Space Station, part of its estimated $75 billion to the U.S. But many of the astronauts who`ve taken a spacewalk would call it priceless.

ED WHITE, NASA ASTRONAUT: OK, I`m out.

CONTROL: OK, now

REPORTER: They were the first American boots to step into space. NASA astronaut Ed White left the hatch of Gemini IV 50 years ago this week, strapped to a tether 250 miles high above the Earth. Twenty-three minutes later, White returned to the spacecraft which he would later described as one of the saddest moments of his life.

MICHAEL FOREMAN, NASA ASTRONAUT: Going outside, when you have that full panoramic view through your helmet, is just amazing.

REPORTER: Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov did it first. American Ed White`s mission came three months later. But it was White who proved that productive work could be done outside a spacecraft.

That paved the way to this.

NEIL ARMSTRONG, NASA ASTRONAUT: It`s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.

REPORTER: NASA astronauts had performed hundreds of spacewalks since Neil Armstrong`s famous moon landing.

ASTRONAUT: Once we get that mike, we`re going to go ahead and verify our

REPORTER: Michael Foreman has done five of them, spending more than 32 hours in zero gravity.

FOREMAN: You`re not 100 percent how you`re going to feel until you experience that for the very first time.

Fortunately for me, I felt very comfortable out there and it was just like muscle memory took over when I went out that hatch the very first time because I was just so used to doing the same thing here in the training that we had in the pool.

ANNOUNCER: Now, one hour and three minutes into today`s spacewalk.

REPORTER: In 1973, when Skylab was damaged, repairs were made to the solar panels in space to keep it in orbit.

During 1980s, astronauts began using jet packs to fix satellites and carry out repairs.

ASTRONAUT: Sounds great, Dan. A great effort all around.

REPORTER: It took five back to back spacewalks to repair and upgrade the Hubble telescope.

ASTRONAUT: All right. (INAUDIBLE) adjustable rather goes down.

REPORTER: Space walks are almost routine, part of the building and maintenance of the International Space Station, which orbits the Earth at more than 17,000 miles an hour.

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