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CNN News:Zika病毒引起广泛关注

所属教程:2016年01月CNN新闻听力

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2016年01月31日

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First up, the World Health Organization, part of the United Nations, it says the Zika virus is now spreading explosively in the Americas.

头条新闻,世界卫生组织称Zika病毒目前正在蔓延美洲。

It`s not new to the world. Zika has affected equatorial Africa and Asia since the 1940s. But it was thought to be relatively harmless until last year. That`s when it arrived in the western hemisphere. That`s when it was linked to a severe disorder in babies.

Zika病毒并不陌生。在20世纪40年代,非洲和亚洲赤道地区就已经有Zika病毒存在。直到去年人们才认识到这种病毒的危险。去年这种病毒传染至西半球,导致婴儿发育严重失调。

Over the next 12 months, officials estimate there will be 3 million to 4 million Zika infections in the region. Health officials say the El Nino weather pattern could help spread the virus. It`s expected to increase the populations of mosquitoes the carry Zika.

在未来一年来,官员估计该地区将会有3到4百万Zika病例。健康官员称厄尔尼诺天气会扩散这种病毒。携带Zika病毒的蚊子数量会增加。

Researchers are pushing for international efforts to control mosquitoes and speed up vaccine research to fight the disease.

研究人员正在推动国际努力控制蚊子数量加紧研制疫苗,以对抗Zika病毒。

Here`s what we know about Zika. Some of it will frighten you -- but maybe not as much as you think.

这就是我们知道的Zika病毒。其中一些会另你恐惧,但是也可能不像你想象的那样。

It`s a mosquito-borne virus. Part of the same family as yellow fever, West Nile, Chikungunya and dengue.

这是一种依靠蚊子传播的病毒。同源的有黄热病、西尼罗河病毒 、基孔肯雅和登革热。

As things stand now, there is no vaccine to prevent Zika, or a medicine to treat the infection.

现在的情况是没有预防疫苗,同时也没有药物可以治疗这种疾病。

The most common symptoms include fever, rash, headaches and red eyes. But 80 percent of people who get Zika won`t even know they have it. That`s right. There are only symptoms in one in five people.

感染这种病毒最常见的症状是发热、皮疹、头痛和红眼。但是80%的感染患者并不会意识到自己已经感染了Zika病毒,原因是只有1/5的患者会出现上述症状。

Now, the virus is spreading quickly across Central and South America and the Caribbean. What makes Zika so scary is it`s alarming connection between the virus and microcephaly -- that is babies being born with heads and brains that are too small.

现在这种病毒正迅速蔓延到美洲中部和南部以及加勒比海地区。Zika病毒的可怕之处在于这种病毒可导致小头畸形——即婴儿生下来头脑过小畸形。

In Brazil and several Latin American countries, they`re becoming concerned enough they have asked women there not to get pregnant. In the United States, pregnant women are being told to postpone travel to any of these countries.

在巴西和一些拉丁美洲国家,该种病毒得到高度重视,国家要求妇女不要怀孕。而美国要求产妇推迟去以上国家的旅行时间。

In case you`re curious, this is the bloodsucker everyone is after. The female Aedes Aegypti, she`s an aggressive biter, but unlike other mosquitoes, feeds mostly during the day. For example, she`s different than the mosquitoes that transmit malaria, like to feed at night. That`s important, because bed nets won`t help as much here.

这种吸血鬼会吸食所有人的血。雌性埃及伊蚊,咄咄逼人,与其他蚊子不同的是,这种蚊子几乎白天活动。而传播疟疾的文字,喜欢晚间捕食。这一点,很重要,也就是说蚊帐根本不起作用。

The best way to prevent infections is using insect repellant with DEET, wearing thick long sleeve shirts and long pants and staying inside, in screened, air-conditioned areas as much as possible.

防止感染的最好的办法就是使用添加避蚊胺的驱虫剂,在室内也要穿上长袖衬衫和长裤,尽可能的待在空调区域。

Fridays and flannel are awesome! I`m Carl Azuz, with January`s last edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

First up, the World Health Organization, part of the United Nations, it says the Zika virus is now spreading explosively in the Americas.

It`s not new to the world. Zika has affected equatorial Africa and Asia since the 1940s. But it was thought to be relatively harmless until last year. That`s when it arrived in the western hemisphere. That`s when it was linked to a severe disorder in babies.

Over the next 12 months, officials estimate there will be 3 million to 4 million Zika infections in the region. Health officials say the El Nino weather pattern could help spread the virus. It`s expected to increase the populations of mosquitoes the carry Zika.

Researchers are pushing for international efforts to control mosquitoes and speed up vaccine research to fight the disease.

DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CHIEF MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: Here`s what we know about Zika. Some of it will frighten you -- but maybe not as much as you think.

It`s a mosquito-borne virus. Part of the same family as yellow fever, West Nile, Chikungunya and dengue.

As things stand now, there is no vaccine to prevent Zika, or a medicine to treat the infection.

The most common symptoms include fever, rash, headaches and red eyes. But 80 percent of people who get Zika won`t even know they have it. That`s right. There are only symptoms in one in five people.

Now, the virus is spreading quickly across Central and South America and the Caribbean. What makes Zika so scary is it`s alarming connection between the virus and microcephaly -- that is babies being born with heads and brains that are too small.

In Brazil and several Latin American countries, they`re becoming concerned enough they have asked women there not to get pregnant. In the United States, pregnant women are being told to postpone travel to any of these countries.

In case you`re curious, this is the bloodsucker everyone is after. The female Aedes Aegypti, she`s an aggressive biter, but unlike other mosquitoes, feeds mostly during the day. For example, she`s different than the mosquitoes that transmit malaria, like to feed at night. That`s important, because bed nets won`t help as much here.

The best way to prevent infections is using insect repellant with DEET, wearing thick long sleeve shirts and long pants and staying inside, in screened, air-conditioned areas as much as possible.

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