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CNN News: 特朗普出席北约峰会 军费问题引热议

所属教程:2017年05月CNN新闻听力

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2017年05月28日

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Our first stop today is in Brussels. It`s the capital of Belgium. It`s also where you`d find the headquarters of NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It`s an alliance of 28 countries, mostly from Europe, plus Canada and the U.S. It was formed in 1949 as a way to counterbalance the military might of the Soviet Union.
今天我们先来看看布鲁塞尔——比利时首都,同时也是北约(北大西洋公约组织)总部的所在地。北约是一个由28个国家——主要来自欧洲的国家同加拿大和美国——组成的联盟,它于1949年成立,目的是制衡苏联的军事力量。
The alliance is based on collective defense, an attack on one NATO member is considered an attack on all of them, and that was invoked once in 2001 after the September 11th terrorist attacks on the U.S. Troops from other NATO members served in the resulting war in Afghanistan.
北约联盟建立在集体防御的基础之上,即对北约某一成员国进行攻击即被认为是对所有北约成员国进行攻击。该职能在2001年美国发生911恐怖袭击后被援用过一次,当时来自北约其他成员国的军队在恐怖袭击诱发的阿富汗战争中进行了服役。
But there`s a sore spot between the U.S. and NATO. Alliance members agree to spend 2 percent of their gross domestic product on their militaries. It`s a guideline they`re not penalized if they don`t.
不过美国和北约之间有一个痛处。联盟成员同意将其国内生产总值的2%用于军队。这是一个即使成员国不实行也不会受到惩罚的指导方针。
But America has consistently met that target while most other NATO countries haven`t. President Donald Trump brought this up yesterday on his visit to Brussels.
不过,虽然美国一直都在满足这一要求,但大多数其他北约成员国却没有。昨天,唐纳德·特朗普总统访问布鲁塞尔时提出了这一问题。
Twenty-three of the 28 member nations are still not paying what they should be paying and what they are supposed to be paying for their defense.
28个成员国中有23个国家仍然没有支付他们应该支付的费用以及他们应该为本国国防支付的费用。
NATO`s website says the organization as a whole does over-rely on the U.S. for providing some of NATO`s essential military capabilities and President Trump`s comments likely troubled some NATO leaders partly because he`s questioned NATO`s effectiveness in the past, and partly because he didn`t promise yesterday that the U.S. would stick to its NATO commitments.
北约官网称,该组织作为一个整体的确对美国为北约提供的一些基本军事建设过度依赖,而特朗普总统的评论可能给一些北约领导人造成了困扰——部分原因是他曾质疑过北约的有效性,另一部分原因是昨天他并未允诺美国会坚持其对北约的承诺。
 

Our first stop today is in Brussels. It`s the capital of Belgium. It`s also where you`d find the headquarters of NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It`s an alliance of 28 countries, mostly from Europe, plus Canada and the U.S. It was formed in 1949 as a way to counterbalance the military might of the Soviet Union.
The alliance is based on collective defense, an attack on one NATO member is considered an attack on all of them, and that was invoked once in 2001 after the September 11th terrorist attacks on the U.S. Troops from other NATO members served in the resulting war in Afghanistan.
But there`s a sore spot between the U.S. and NATO. Alliance members agree to spent spend 2 percent of their gross domestic product on their militaries. It`s a guideline they`re not penalized if they don`t.
But America has consistently met that target while most other NATO countries haven`t. President Donald Trump brought this up yesterday on his visit to Brussels.
Twenty-three of the 28 member nations are still not paying what they should be paying and what they are supposed to be paying for their defense.
NATO`s website says the organization as a whole does over-rely on the U.S. for providing some of NATO`s essential military capabilities and President Trump`s comments likely troubled some NATO leaders partly because he`s questioned NATO`s effectiveness in the past, and partly because he didn`t promise yesterday that the U.S. would stick to its NATO commitments.
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