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CNN News: 北约军费问题引热议

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2017年05月29日

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It`s been a problem for decades, I would say 20, 30 years.
这是个存在了几十年的问题了,我想说应该有二三十年了。
Many U.S. presidents have talked about NATO members meeting to take on more of the burden.
许多美国总统都曾谈过北约成员国应承担更多责任的问题。
President Trump wouldn`t be the first president that has tried to do this. President Obama made the case, as did President Bush before him.
特普朗不是第一位做此尝试的总统。奥巴马总统曾做过同样的事,在奥巴马之前小布什总统也曾做过。
There was a breakthrough in 2014 at a summit in Wales. But there are other factors. In 2014, we saw the rise of ISIS and we also saw Russia and Vladimir Putin moving into Ukraine and annexing Crimea. And those things really, really scared people in Europe. It was a huge incentive to spend more so that they can defend themselves.
2014年的威尔士峰会上曾有过一次突破。但事出有因。2014年,我们见证了伊斯兰国组织的崛起,俄罗斯以及弗拉基米尔·普京突进乌克兰,吞并克里米亚。而这些事情给欧洲人造成非常大的恐惧。这是一个极大的诱因,促使他们愿意去花费更多从而达到捍卫自己的目的。
It`s a struggle because many European countries are having their own domestic economic woes that are limiting their ability to spend on defense.
这是一场斗争,因为许多欧洲国家都面临着本国国内经济的不景气,从而限制了他们在国防上的花费。
President Trump has really made this a cornerstone of his campaign certainly and now of his foreign policy, and has even threatening to withdraw from the alliance if the U.S. -- if other countries don`t pay more.
特朗普总统实打实地曾把这一点作为他的竞选基石,现在又作为他的外交政策,甚至威胁称如果其他国家不拨出更多军费的话就会退出联盟。
I think he has put the fear to some countries, with a lot of his rhetoric during the campaign. He was very equivocal about whether the U.S. needs NATO. And I think that unsettled people.
我想他在竞选期间的言辞已经吓到了一些国家。他非常怀疑美国是否需要北约。我认为这使人们产生了质疑。
His bellicose nature has certainly reignited the flame, but that flame was already burning.
他好战的本性的确再次燃起了这团火,但这团火其实早就已经在燃烧了。
NATO members are willing to pay more and they are coming up with plans to lay out an outline for how they`re going to pay more. The U.S. wants them to commit to a 10-year plan. A lot of countries aren`t ready to do that.
北约成员国愿意付出更多,他们正在制定相关计划,希望就怎样出资更多军费做出一个纲要。美国希望他们承诺拿出一个10年计划。然而许多国家还没有准备好这样做。
It`s going to be a constant balancing act for them and quite frankly for the Trump administration going forward.
这将是对他们——坦率地说也是对特朗普政府——的一个持续的权衡行为。
 

It`s been a problem for decades, I would say 20, 30 years.
Many U.S. presidents have talked about NATO members meeting to take on more of the burden.
President Trump wouldn`t be the first president that has tried to do this. President Obama made the case, as did President Bush before him.
There was a breakthrough in 2014 at a summit in Wales. But there are other factors. In 2014, we saw the rise of ISIS and we also saw Russia and Vladimir Putin moving into Ukraine and annexing Crimea. And those things really, really scared people in Europe. It was a huge incentive to spend more so that they can defend themselves.
It`s a struggle because many European countries are having their own domestic economic woes that are limiting their ability to spend on defense.
President Trump has really made this a cornerstone of his campaign certainly and now of his foreign policy, and has even threatening to withdraw from the alliance if the U.S. -- if other countries don`t pay more.
I think he has put the fear to some countries, with a lot of his rhetoric during the campaign. He was very equivocal about whether the U.S. needs NATO. And I think that unsettled people.
His bellicose nature has certainly reignited the flame, but that flame was already burning.
NATO members are willing to pay more and they are coming up with plans to lay out an outline for how they`re going to pay more. The U.S. wants them to commit to a 10-year plan. A lot of countries aren`t ready to do that.
It`s going to be a constant balancing act for them and quite frankly for the Trump administration going forward.

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